Hicks Genealogy

Indian Attacks in the New River Settlements


Below is the story of an attack on the family of Thomas Ingles in 1782. John Hix is mentioned as a neighbor of Thomas Ingles who helped to track down the Indian party and rescue Mrs. Ingles. This information is from "A History of Middle New River Settlements and Contiguous Territory" by David E. Johnston, ©1906. It mentions in the story that after a five day horseback ride, they caught up with the Indian party in Tazewell county, VA. The area they lived in was probably around what is now Summers County - then known as Greenbrier or even Kanawha county. This is just a guess though.....


Thomas Ingles, a son of the Captain William Ingles, one of the Drapers Meadows settlers, and who was captured and carried away with his mother, by the Indians, in 1755, having returned after thirteen years, and been sent to school at Doctor Thomas Walker's in Albermarle County, Virginia, from which place he went with the army of General Lewis to the battle of Point Pleasant, in which he fought as a lieutenant in a company belonging to Colonel William Christian's regiment of Fincastle men. After the battle young Ingles was in one of the companies left to garrison the fort at Point Pleasant during the winter following the battle. After receiving his discharge from the army. in 1775 he returned to Albemarle, and married a Miss Grills. He came back to the New River Valley, and in 1778 he located and settled in Wright's Valley, in which the city of Bluefield, West Virginia, is now situated, and about two miles west of said city, at a spring near the mansion house of the late Captain Rufus A. Hale. Here Mr. Ingles remained some two years, but finding himself dangerously near the Indian trail leading from the head of Tug of Sandy southward across East river Mountain to the Wolf Creek and Walkers Creek settlements he determined to seek a place more remote from Indian lines of travel, and thence removed to Burke's Garden to a tract of land owned by his father. He however remained long enough in Wright's Valley to effect in a measure a change of name to "English's", as appears from the early land surveys and grants.

His stay in his new home was not long a peaceful one, for in April, 1782, while he and a Negro man were engaged at farm work some distance from the house, a large party of Indians captured his wife and children and two Negro slaves, and after plundering and firing the house, they left the premises. Mr. Ingles, discovering the smoke from his burning house, approached near enough to see that the trouble was caused by Indians, and that he alone could do nothing, set off in quest of help, crossing the mountains southward, he fortunately met up with a goodly number of men assembled for muster and drill at a settlement in Rich Valley on the north fork of Holstein. A posse of fifteen or twenty men under the leadership of Captain Maxwell, to whose command was added an additional force of five or six men, whom John Hix, a neighbor of Mr. Ingles, had gotten together. This party pursued the Indians and on the fifth day they were discovered in camp in a gap of the Sandy Ridge which divides the waters of the Sandy from the Clinch. This gap since that time, known as Maxwell's Gap, is a short distance west of the west end of Abb's Valley, and two or three miles north-northwest of the residences of the late William G. Mustard on the north fork of Clinch River in the county of Tazewell. Captain Maxwell divided his company, he taking a part, and moving around their flank so as to get in their front, while Mr. Ingles remained with the other portion of the company in the rear, and the attack to be made at daylight the next morning. Unfortunately Maxwell, in order to escape detection, bore too far away and was not in position to make the attack at the appointed time. Mr. Ingles after waiting beyond the agreed hour, and seeing the Indians beginning to stir, began the attack. As soon as the first shot was fired, some of the Indians began to tomahawk the prisoners, while others fought and retreated. Mr. Ingles reached his wife just as she had received a terrible blow on the head. They had already tomahawked his little daughter Mary, five years old, and his son William, three years old. The small infant in the arms of the mother was unhurt. In their retreat, the Indians passed close to Captain Maxwell and his party, and firing on them killed Captain Maxwell, who was the only one of the pursuers killed. No dead Indians were found. The little wounded girl died, but the mother recovered. The above statements are taken from the Harman MS., which states that Captain Henry Harman was with this pursuing party.


"The Attack on Vause's Fort"

June 25, 1756

Upper Roanoke Valley, VA

"According to Preston's Register, those killed, wounded or taken prisoners at Vause's Fort were:

Capt. John Smith, prisoner, returned;

Peter Looney, prisoner, escaped;

William Bratton, prisoner, returned;

Joseph Smith, prisoner;

William Pepper, prisoner;

Mrs. Vause, her two daughters, a negro, two young Indians and a man-servant, prisoners;

James Bell, prisoner;

Christopher Hicks, prisoner;

Benjamin Davis, prisoner;

Lieut. John Smith, killed;

John Tracy, killed;

John English, killed;

Mrs. Mary English, prisoner;

William Robinson, wounded;

Thomas Robinson, wounded;

John Robinson, killed;

John Walker, prisoner;

--- Cole, prisoner;

--- Graham, prisoner;

"Thomas Callaway came from Hickey's Fort and found the mangled bodies lying in heaps. All of Vause's family, he thought, killed, except a daughter Levice, and two sons who had gone to mill that day. He followed the Indians over the mountains and down the Leevice Fork of Kentucky, crossing the Ohio River at Leevice Ford near Cincinnati...." pg. 232

Source: VIRGINIA FRONTIER, by F.B. Kegley, ©1938


Logan's Station, Bowman's Station and Rogers' Fort

(Kentucky)

Captain John Boyle's Company, 1 Apr 1780 were at stations on or near Dick's River, now in Garrard, Lincoln and Boyle County and included: Capt. John Boyle, Lt. Samuel Davis, Ensign Elisha Clary, Sgt. Barney Boyle, Sgt. Jonathan Marshall, Jacob Anderson, James Anderson, Thomas Arbuckle, James Coyle, Wm. Crawford, James Davis, Robert Desha, Dennis Diven, Owen Diven, Hugh Galbreath, Evandon Gordon, Peter Higgins, John Hicks, Wm. Hicks Sr., Wm. Hicks, Nathan McClure, Wm. Marshall, Basil Maxwell, Wm. Menifee, Wm. Mitchell, Robert Moore, Samuel Moore, Nehemiah Poore, John Poynter, James Reeves, Wm. Rowan, John Vardeman, Alex Walker, Wm. Whitley, John Wilkinson, Wm. Young


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