The Mordecai Hicks Page
On this page is everything I know about the Revolutionary War soldier Mordecai Hicks.
This is the Affidavit that Josiah Meadows gave confirming that Mordecai Hicks was in the Revolutionary War. He also confirmed the names of Mordecai's siblings "being well acquainted" with his family. I've added minor punctuation for ease of reading since the original document had none!
State of Virginia
This day Josiah Meadows of Giles County and state of Virginia aged seventy seven years came before me a Justice of the Peace in and for the said County of Monroe and made oath in due form of. Said that he was in the Revolutionary War, that he was in the Illinois Regiment under the command of Colonel John Montgomery, that he knew Mordica Hicks as a soldier in said Regiment, that he was present when he died in the service at a place called Illinois Border (?), that he was well acquainted with his famaly, that he knew all his sisters and two own Brothers William and Richard. William has been dead for many years past and five sisters Sarah, Nancy, Susan, Cathrian and Elizabeth and that there was but three sisters now living - Susan, Elizabeth and Catherine, which is all the heirs now living; that the said Mordica Hicks enlisted for the same period as him self which was one year, that they were marched from Botetort County in Virginia to the Long Islands of Holston under Captain Isaac Taylar where they rendezvous and there joined Colonel John Montgomery, that they were marched from there to the Chickamaga Towns Destroyed them, that they were marched from the Chickamaga towns to Illinois Town on the bank of Kaskaskias River at which place the said Mordica Hicks died, sworn to and subscribed before me this 2nd day of June 1834.
William Daniel, J.P. and Josiah __(his mark) Meadows
Letter from Henry Alexander (lawyer for the three sisters?):Union June 29, 1834
I am requested to enclose : you the within evidance relating to Mordica Hicks - in order to obtain his land bounty for the benefit of his hirs. You will please let me know if it is sufficient to authorise you to issue a warrant. If so his heirs code in_ce_ts as proven to same persons to recover (?) it.
Yours with respect
Here's the report from Jno H. Smith, Comr.
Petn for bounty land
The Heirs of Mordicai Hicks
Mordecai Hicks was a member of Captain Isaac Taylors Company of Illinois volunteers and died in the service, July 4, 1779 (See payroll of Capt. Isaac Taylors Company of Volunteers, in the 7th (?) Vol. of "Illinois Papers") I have heretofore considered Mordicai Hicks a soldier via the Illinois Regt and enlisted for those years: and have reported the claims of his heirs good for ad__vise of three years. I am now satisfied that I was in error, and did injustice to the heirs. They are entitled to 200 acres of land for his services as one of the Illinois Volunteers.
The affidavit of one witness has been fil'd. Josiah Meadows says he served in the same company with Hicks, and that he died in that service. Meadows' name is on the payroll aforesaid of Captain Taylors Company of Volunteers. His testimony and the evidence of the payroll support each other.
John H. Smith Comr. July 5th 1834.
c - % Governor Tesswell
Mordecai Hicks, Sold.(?) Ills. Reg.
Reg 5 July 1834
Aug 14, 1834 advised that this claim be allow'd for a service as a volunteer under General Clark as the Capture of the British ?? Approved Aug. 14, 1845 L.W.T.
An interesting item is that Josiah never mentions what has become of Richard Hicks. And it is only the three sisters who are awarded the land. The assumption has to be that Richard has died by 1834.
Josiah went on to live to a ripe old age. He shows up in the book "Soldiery of West Virginia" as one of the pensioners of the Revolutionary War who was still living in WV in 1840:
Josiah Meadows, age 83, enumerated in Mercer
County living with Green Meadows on June 1, 1840
Further information in "A History of Middle New River Settlements & Contiguous Territory" by David E. Johnston, 1906 gives more information on Josiah's (and Mordecai's) travels as soldiers:
"Josiah enlisted in the early spring of 1778, under Captain Joseph Renfroe, and marched with his company to Jarrett's Fort on Wolf Creek, now in the County of Monroe, where the company was divided, and part thereof, he among the number, was sent to Keeney's Fort, on the Greenbrier, where he was stationed at the time of the attack made by the Indians on Donnally's Fort. Upon the expiration of the term for which he enlisted he again entered the service in the company of Captain Isaac Taylor, and with his company and regiment, the latter commanded by Colonel John Montgomery, marched through the Holstein country to the Indian town at Chicamauga, which they destroyed; from thence going to the Illinois country, under Colonel George Rogers Clark [where Mordecai dies]. After his (Josiah's) return, he was with a portion of the American army that had charge of the British prisoners captured at Yorktown.... From this Josiah Meadows, the soldier, has descended the large family of that name in Mercer and adjoining counties."
So it was agreed that Mordecai had indeed died in service for his country and his sisters benefited from his sacrifice. I don't think Mordecai died of wounds received in battle since the "List of Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers of the Illinois Regiment, and the Western Army, under the Command of General George Rogers Clark" (found on FTM CD #174 - Virginia Vital Records #1 1600s-1800s) lists Mordecai as have "Died" rather than being "Killed". That may have been due to the fact that the men were made to wade across the nearly frozen waters of the various rivers.
Mordecai's bounty land was also mentioned in this source: "Revolutionary War Records VIRGINIA Section 11 (7) to (10) Document No. 32, List No. 4 Illinois Regiment, Western Regiment and Captain Francis Charlovilles Volunteers, Bounty Lands". He is listed as "Died", "Private" and "Entitled to land for 3 years".
Also listed in this same source in the same section, document and list number is (but was still alive at the time):
Hicks, David "Sergeant" Entitled to land for 3 years
Remember that William Hicks' (Mordecai's brother) first born son was named David.
Both Mordecai and David are also listed in the "Revolutionary War Records VIRGINIA Section 11 (17) [Document No. 43] (17) A List of Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers of the Virginia State Line and Non-Commissioned Officers and Seamen and Marines of the State Navy, whose Names are on the Army Register, and Who Have Not Received Bounty Land for Revolutionary Services, Richmond, 1835. John H. Smith, COMR &C" For whatever reason, David did not claim his bounty land at the time that list was made.
Now, after doing a search on Ancestry.com for the name Mordecai Hicks, two entries came up:
Hicks, Mordecai, birth date 174?, birthplace Virginia, Illinois.
The Reference book for that information was the Historical Reg. of Virginians in the Rev., Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, 1775-1783. Ed. by John H. Gwathmey, Richmond, VA 1938 (13,872p.) :375
The second entry was:
Hicks, Mordecai, birth date 175?, birthplace New York.
The Reference book for that information was Heads of Fams. at the first U.S. Census. NY By U.S. Bureau of the Census. Washington, 1908 (308p.):55
Two men named Mordecai Hicks born within ten years of each other is an interesting coincidence. Especially since family lore was that this Hicks family originated in Massachusetts and worked their way down the east coast, stopping off in Kentucky and then settling in Jasper County, IL - not terribly far from that same Kaskaskia river where Mordecai died.
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